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The name Jiuxian is comprised of 2 characters: 旧县 - meaning 'Ancient County', since the village used to be the county capital.

The first village was built nearby during the Tang Dynasty (an ancient stone bridge from this period still exists), with the current village begun during the 15th century. During the Qing dynasty wealthy landlords built the impressive grey brick fortified houses that can be seen today. The mud brick farmhouses were built at a later date. Some buildings from the late 19th century (such as those we rented) are built over stone terraces from this earlier period.

During the Japanese invasion wealthier landlords hid their valuables & moved into caves or built fortifications on top of the mountains. After the war they returned to their houses, but in the 1950's and 60's, during the Cultural Revolution, their houses were confiscated & divided amongst several poorer families.

The village has over 1300 residents and is divided into 13 administrative sections - each with its own Leader. Older residents continue life much as they have for years: harvesting rice, growing fruit trees and raising water buffalos and goats. Younger family members usually work in tourism or the local fruit industry.